AACU & Leader P.O.V.®

AACU's Essential Learning Outcomes define the knowledge and skills gained from a liberal education.  They provide a framework to guide students’ cumulative progress.  AACU believe these essential learning outcomes are necessary if the student is to be prepared for twenty-first-century challenges.  CODA believes these same essential learning outcomes are necessary if the student is to be prepared to influence and lead in the twenty-first-century.

By focusing on engagement with big questions, both contemporary and enduring, students will acquire 

Knowledge of Human Cultures and the Physical and Natural World


A reflective practices tool, the journal questions guide students as they consider past experiences and discover new ideas and perspectives.  Among the journal themes are Examination – looking within and Exploration – looking outside of ourselves. 

The journal uses big questions to ask students to Examine and Explore their current world, the world beyond them, and history.  Such questions provide an opportunity to reflect on how varying time periods and contexts influence their own thinking and behavior.

The journal reflections provide an opportunity for students to consider how their own culture and that of others can strengthen collaboration, creativity and success.  

Students will apply their knowledge, skills, and responsibilities to new settings and complex programs through the use of Integrative and 

Applied Learning.


The journaling calls upon students to employ mental, emotional, and creative processes as they reason and choose how best to apply past learning.  

Students are asked to synthesize their thoughts and find meaning in what they have learned from their: education, work, community and personal experiences; observations; dialogues; and other resources.  

Students are asked to consider how they will integrate new knowledge and insights with prior knowledge and behaviors as they seek to solve problems, establish influence and lead others.

Working on progressively more challenging problems, projects, and standards for performance, students will develop 

Intellectual and Practical Skills.

This will include:


As a reflective practices tool, journaling assignments require students to practice their intellectual and practical skills.  Journal questions are written so as to encourage students to  inquire and analyze and to think critically and creatively.

Among the reflections are questions that ask students to draw lessons from their productive and unproductive efforts at teamwork and problems solving.  

The capstone for the journal is writing and delivering a personal Leader P.O.V.(R).  The journal provides guidance for the written and oral forms of articulataing the students thoughts and beliefs in a way that is concise, compelling, and memorable.

Through active involvement with diverse communities and real-world challenges students learn to take 

Personal and Social Responsibility.  

This will include:


Across the themes of Examination, Exploration, Enlistment, and Execution students are asked to consider if, why, and how they intend to ensure inclusive cultures.  Students are also asked to reflect on their currrent practices and future plans with regard to continous learning.  

A set of journal questions asks students to reflect on, and provide evidence of the values and non-negotiables that guide their own bheavior and the behavior they expect from others.

They are asked to consider if, why, and how they will be socially and civically responsible people and leaders.